「高中英语」课本中不会教你的-不带to的不定式

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  「高中英语」课本中不会教你的-不带to的不定式

  不带to的不定式

  ◎ 不定式不带to,有下列几种用法。参见下文。

  The picture made me think of my hometown. 这幅画使我想起了我的故乡。

  The teacher had John answer the question. 老师让约翰回答问题。

  let me have a feel. 让我摸一下。

  提示

  let有时可同另一个动词直接连用,如let go放开 (释放),let fly发射,let slip放走(松开)。

  Don't let go the rope. 抓住绳子,别松手。

  He let fly an arrow. 他射了一箭。

  She felt her health improve. 她感到自己的身体在好起来。

  I've never heard him say so. 我从没听说他这样说过。

  I saw some birds fly overhead. 我看到一些鸟从头顶上飞过。

  She sat by the window,watching the moon go down. 她坐在窗前,看着月儿西沉。

  I noticed her enter by the back door. 我注意到她从后门进来了。

  He is looking at the children play in the garden. 他看着孩子们在园子里玩耍。

  提示

  上述动词如果用于被动语态,作主语补足语的不定式要带to。

  He was observed to pass by the post office. 有人看见他从邮局前走过去。

  You had better take a few days' rest. 你最好休息几天。

  I would rather have tea instead of coffee. 我宁愿喝茶而不喝咖啡。

  He went on trying rather than give up. 他继续努力,而不愿放弃。

  He would rather stay home than go out in such bad weather. 天气很糟,他宁愿待在家里而不愿出去。

  He would rather die than do such a thing. 他宁死也不愿干这种事。

  He cannot but give up the plan. 他只好放弃那项计划。

  I cannot help but be sorry. 我只有悔恨而已。

  He cannot choose but obey. 他只得服从。

  (1)如果主语参与宾语的动作,常用不带to的不定式。

  Mary helped the old woman clean the house. 玛丽帮助那位老太太打扫房屋。

  All the students in the class helped plant the trees yesterday. 昨天,这个班上所有的学生都帮助植树了。

  (2)如果主语不参与宾语的动作,作宾语补足语的不定式一般要带to。

  His lecture helps me to know more about the present economic situation. 他的演讲帮助我更多地了解当前的经济形势。

  The compass helped him to find his way back. 指南针帮助他找到了返回的路。

  He does nothing but laugh. 他只是笑。

  She did nothing but watch TV last night. 她昨晚除了看电视别的什么也没做。

  但:He had no choice but to go with them. 他别无选择,只好跟他们走。

  What he likes to do is collect stamps. 他喜欢做的就是集邮。

  What I'd like to do is live alone for a month or two. 我想要做的就是一个人独居一两个月。

  All she did this morning was water the flowers. 她今天上午所做的就是浇花。

  The only thing I could do then was wait my chance. 我当时唯一能做的就是等待机会。

  The thing to do now is modernize our industry. 现在所做的事情就是使我们的工业现代化。

  Why lend money to him?为什么借钱给他呢?

  Why not ask somebody else?为什么不问问别人呢?